When consonants are referred to individually or lists (eg the spelling), then they have an a:w attached and an epithet, in which the consonant occurs. This is similar to the English speaking of "Tee as in Tango". The epithet is particularly necessary because there are multiple consonants with the same sound.
Example: The first letter of the Thai alphabet represents a sound between the "g" and "k" (in transliteration, we use "g"). It is spelled as ga:w-- gai\.
The following table lists all the consonants with their names in Thai and transcription. Two of the consonants (in grey) are no longer in use. Click on a consonant to hear his name.
The Thai alphabet has 44 consonants
(พยัญชนะ [pha/ yan-- tscha/ na/]).
Two of them are no longer in use and are replaced by other and showed in grey color in the table below.